“Last week I took part in a workshop ‘Open Peer Review: Models, benefits and limitations’ organised by OpenAIRE. As a member of the panel, I shared what I see as the challenges of open peer review:
Despite well documented flaws of traditional single blind peer review, there is still scepticism about open peer review from many researchers.
When surveying preferences for different peer review models, and ways to reduce bias in peer review, time and time again double-blind peer review comes out as most popular among researchers (see examples here and here). This is despite evidence of the practical difficulties in blinding peer reviewers to authors’ identities.
There are fears that if a journal moves to open peer review and reviewers are required to sign their reports no-one will agree to peer review. Others worry that a reviewer won’t be able to provide a negative report on an open model.”